Association for Free Research and International Cooperation


Confronted with the coronavirus pandemic, Africa turns to e-learning

The fundamental protective measures to prevent the spread of the new Coronavirus and the restriction of movement during periods of containment have forced many African countries to turn to greater use of new technologies. Digital technology, which presents itself as a solution to limit contact between individuals as much as possible, is becoming a commonplace in Africa. Never before has teleworking, videoconferencing, online courses, electronic mobile payments and e-purse been so much a part of the daily lives of Africans.
20 April 2020

Coronavirus Pandemic a looming threat to Africa’s economy

The coronavirus pandemic is one of the leading human calamities ever recorded in history. It is clear that nations all over the world are scrambling and to contain the outbreak and its impacts. Slowly taking its toll on the globe, it has far-reaching economic ramifications. From the start of Coronavirus, the Africa continent was one of the continents least affected, but in recent times the storyline has changed tremendously. Currently, in Africa, the outbreak has already disrupted millions of people’s livelihoods, including poor households, private and public sectors, and small and informal businesses. The pace of this disruption is possible to accelerate in the weeks ahead. The look of the pandemic has made everyone aware that no country or continent is exempt. Until all countries are safe no country is safe.

19 April 2020

Illegal Immigration: Europe as an answer to poverty

“Despite the shipwrecks and accidents encountered during their dangerous journeys, Africans still cherish the dream of a better life in the West”. More than 60 illegal Ethiopian migrants were found smothered to death in a container on Tuesday, 1 April. The container was intercepted in northwestern Mozambique, according to information relayed by Africanews.
According to the spokesman of the Mozambican immigration service, Direito, this tragedy was discovered by their agents during a check carried out on the road to the province of Tete, coming from Malawi. A total of 70 migrant citizens, including 64 dead by suffocation, were trying to reach Johannesburg, South Africa with a view to finding a decent job, according to Agence France Presse AFP.
17 April 2020

Child Soldiers in Conflicts in Africa: An Aspect That Must End

Going beyond the slogan "red card to child labour" initiated by the international labour organization (ILO) to fight against child labour, the recruitment of "child soldiers" in the world represents a real tragedy; a real war crime firmly repressed by international and local organizations. Whether they are called "Caliphate Lion Cubs" as they are called by adult jihadists in Syria, "Kadogo" (which translates as the little ones) in DR Congo or even "Craps" in Rwanda, their numbers are impressive and attract the attention of all communities. According to the latest UNICEF report, their numbers are estimated to be about 250,000 child soldiers involved in armed conflict around the world, half of whom are in Africa. A great defender of the cause of children, Bishop Desmond Tutu, who condemns this evil, says, "there is simply no excuse, no acceptable argument for arming children".
15 April 2020

Africa: The chaotic life of pregnant schoolgirls in contemporary society

Education is a basic human right, thus everyone has the right to education, irrespective of gender and background. However, some teenagers or minors in the world and Africa in particular at times lose this right due to early and unwanted pregnancies. Science has proven that most teens are sexually active, hence critics have advocated for comprehensive sex education to be taught in school to create more awareness. This is a social problem that has continued to be a topic of discussion especially in sub Saharan Africa, which harbors a significant number of young and fertile girls and where early pregnancy is common.

13 April 2020

Chad’s energetic riposte against Boko Haram

Africa, beyond the attraction for investment, has in recent decades become a haven for many terrorist groups. Macina Front, Al-Shebab, Al-Mourabitoune, the Islamic State in the Great Sahara, Ansar Dine, Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), now sum up to ten in the four corners of the continent. While some less organized groups have only cowardly, sporadic and ephemeral attacks against populations and defense forces to their credit, the more armed and fearsome groups have acquired the status of "a real threat to peace and development in Africa" through the strength of their vile, continuous and repetitive attacks. Among these are the Sunni Preaching Group and Boko Haram Jihad at the forefront. With armed struggles, guerrilla warfare, suicide bombings, massacres and hostage-taking as its modus operandi, this jihadist group, formed in 2002 in Nigeria, has as its main area of operation the Lake Chad basin, on the borders of Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and Chad.
10 April 2020

AU’s questionable mandate: A call for an action-driven continental body

Launched in 2001, The African Union (AU), a continental body consisting of 55 member states have since its existence put in efforts to promote democracy and sustainable peace in the continent. It is believed that the African Union which was conceived with an extended mandate spearheads the political atmosphere in Africa. Created to provide African solutions to African problems, the body has succeeded to unite all its members under the Agenda 2063. Amidst the lofty promises the AU came with, many believe that the organization is falling short of hitting its target. Hence, questions are today being raised concerning the interests of the member states and how it's affecting the smooth functioning of the body. While people still have mixed feelings as far as the role of the AU in the continent is concerned, positivists are more concerned about what the continent would be in the absence of the intercontinental governing body.
8 April 2020

Covid-19: Africa steps up to prevent carnage

When Egypt announced at the beginning of February that it had recorded the first case of coronavirus in Africa, the whole world held its breath, as Africa is known for its inadequate health system. The virus, which entered through North Africa, has found its way to sub-Saharan Africa. Today, bit by bit, most African countries have confirmed cases and the Dark Continent, like the others, is engaged in the response against Covid-19. However, the greatest fears remain linked to the rapid spread of this epidemic in Africa, which has already caused more than 60,000 deaths worldwide and above all to the continent's health and financial capacities in the management of patients. While the speeches made by international bodies including the United Nations and the World Health Organization (WHO) are marked by pessimism, the population in Africa, in a burst of pride, claims to have experienced worse situations than the coronavirus in the past.
6 April 2020

Investment funds and traditional banks in Africa: Source development of local enterprises?

The truth about the blockade on project financing by traditional banks lies in the large number of regulatory requirements they have to meet. Indeed, more procedural and less open, the bank, in its role as a financial intermediary must always take into account a number of measures enacted by the Central Bank during its lending operations. This situation, despite expectations of high profitability and a risk that certainly exists but is often unjustified, has unfortunately prevented several companies from being able to develop their activities in time. So, to solve these problems and encourage creativity, an alternative has been provided by investment funds which, alongside banks, can promote complementarity between the economy of equity capital and that of indebtedness.
5 April 2020

United States: Has Trump’s protectionist policy made America great?

While running for Barack Obama's succession, Donald Trump campaigned on the principle of "America first", the ideology from which he derived his famous slogan, “Make America Great Again”. With that mythical phrase, the Republican candidate drew crowds and rekindled hope for a once again powerful America on the world stage. The American billionaire's project involved reviving the American economy at a time when countries like China are increasingly imposing their leadership on the world stage. From word to action, the Republican candidate upon election, adopted a protectionist trade policy and isolationism in his foreign policy that caused much fuss even within his own political family. As he seeks to renew his time at the White House, many economists argue that the 45th U.S. president's formula has greatly benefited his country's economy; at least in many areas before the dark chapter of the health crisis caused by COVID-19.
3 April 2020

Accountability and transparency in fighting corruption in Africa

Terrible Diseases and viruses like Ebola, Coronavirus, measles, and cholera have invaded the countries of the world. However, some of these devastating diseases have been contained. For instance, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea were able to contain the Ebola outbreak that struck the three West African Nations some years back. The devastating nature of these diseases can be likened to how corruption has eaten and continues to eat deep into the African continent. The continent has recorded commendable strides in attaining political independence, its economic trajectory is gradually falling into place. Notwithstanding, vices like corruption continue to be an impediment to the continent's total economic transformation. In 2018, the African union commission chair Moussa Faki Mahamat revealed that the African continent loses about fifty billion US dollars a year in illicit financial flows, noting that retaining these huge sums of money in Africa would help finance its development projects.
1 April 2020

COVID-19: The journey, the impact and the quest to save humanity

When the first reports of the corona virus started to come out of China, global health officials and African citizens were very worried about what would happen if the virus started spreading in Africa, where many health systems are already struggling and in sorrowful state. The novel Corona virus has been slow to take root in Sub-Saharan Africa, but after 27 February 2020 the narrative gradually changed after the region experienced its first case in Nigeria. The epidemic continues to disrupt life across the world, almost everything has come to a halt, business, entertainment, social life, religious life The virus has brought the world close to a standstill and panic is taking center stage right from the government level to the poor peasant Africans in the remote of places.
24 March 2020
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