Association for Free Research and International Cooperation


Corruption and Mafia cartels among African politicians undermining good governance and democracy

In an Africa where some leaders have risen to the rank of demi-gods, giving priority to strengthening their personal advantages rather than the search for a common good, the emergence of obscure governance practices has become unavoidable in political circles. Democracy and good governance are at the losing end due to rampant graft, looting and cartel deals. The Nigerian novelist Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, has not hesitated to attack African leaders, denouncing the unrestrained quest for self-interest among some of the continent's politicians and advocating for a new Africa that is fairer, more equitable, participatory and transparent. Contrary to the well-known adage that “people get the government they deserve”, she believes that is not the case in Africa because most African nations do not have the leaders they deserve.
21 February 2020

The Failure of centrism and the re-emergence of alternate monetary and economic theories

Reviewing the results of the May 2019 European Union Parliamentary elections, many pro-EU establishment parties suffered a bloody nose by losing a considerable number of seats, consolidating the mood and appetite by the electorate for more economic nationalism and for immigration control as a way to preserve economic prosperity and cultural identity. This trend away from centrism is coined by the mainstream the rise of populism. This message now resonates at unprecedented levels with both traditional left and right wingers, converging somewhere for the “new middle” inextricably joining both sides of the working class together against centrist policies.
20 February 2020

Togo: Can the opposition win its bet for a change?

The Togolese opposition will face the outgoing president Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé Eyadéma, a candidate for his own succession for a fourth term at the head of Togo, which he has led since 2005 in divided camps. Yet two years ago, thanks to a coalition of 14 political parties known as the C 14, it had by its popular marches shaken the regime by demanding the return with immediate application, to the 2012 constitution, which limits the number of presidential mandates to two five-year terms, a measure which was considered as the guarantee of a true alternation at the helm of the country. Their determination to win their case and the support of Togolese civil societies united under the banner of the "Front citoyen Togo debout" had forced President Faure Gnassingbé to submit to the mediation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which had demanded a road map for a way out of the crisis.
17 February 2020

Energy Panacea for Africa

Even though Africa is rich in energy resources, the energy sector in the continent is not reflective of such. Reports indicated that less than 20% of the population have access to electricity while over 80% of Africans rely on generators, candles and kerosene lamps and other means to have lighting in their homes. While the continent struggles to regularize its power supply, analysts have found a direct relationship between electricity supply and economic growth. The availability of clean and renewable energy to the African population has been cited as one of the main ways to fight poverty. It is thus believed that for Africa to effectively attain its growth potential, there is a need to fully exploit its energy sector.
15 February 2020

The place of the “Big Dream” in the development of Africa

Until the advent of the "American Dream," which has been catalogued as one of the most important ways of thinking in the history of mankind, it was almost impossible to think that the "dream" alone could restore the image of an entire country or a continent. This was without counting on the capacity of this concept to be able to create major migratory flows capable of strengthening an individual's determination to succeed in a given environment. In the specific case of the United States and the American dream, it started from a very simple idea: whether an immigrant or a national, anyone living in the United States can become prosperous through hard work, courage and determination, regardless of social and financial status. So, for anyone living on American soil, the first key to success is the "Big Dream," "the dream of greatness”.
13 February 2020

Coronavirus/ covid-19 in Africa will be a double dose of crisis

COVID-19 formerly known as Coronavirus continues to torment and cause havoc to the whole world. It is not just China's dilemma; it is a global problem now. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the official new name of nCoV2019 (2019 novel coronavirus), the strain of coronavirus that has infected over 43,000 people worldwide, resulting in 1017 deaths. COVID-19, as the virus will now be known, was decided on by the WHO, with the organization giving a number of reasons as to why it was chosen. Ebola was one of the tragic global epidemic outbreak, however coronavirus is slowly taking the title, not only is it claiming lives but having a huge toll on global economies. The coronavirus outbreak started in China, amongst 45 million populace in the Wuhan province of Hubei. The place is currently seen as a very dangerous place.
10 February 2020

Respect of Constitution and electoral promises, a gateway to a more peaceful continent

More often than not, contemporary Africa political leaders are caught up in their own web. During political campaigns, presidential contenders make myriad pledges in their quest to woo eligible voters ahead of the Election Day, vowing to respect the terms of the constitution among other promises. However, most of these presidential contenders are often very ignorant about what they will inherit from outgoing presidents, and at the end fail to meet the aspiration or fulfil their promises to the masses after taking over the helm of leadership. Scenarios become more interesting when it’s the incumbent is campaigning for reelection with baggage of unfulfilled current terms promises. Statistics have shown that the no respect of constitutions and election promises by politicians have accounted for a great number of anti-government protests and undermined the route to political democracy on the African continent over the decades. Now the time has come for Barrow to relinquish power, a move that President Barrow himself sees as not legally binding and that it totally contravenes the constitution.
8 February 2020

What is the outcome of the crisis in Libya?

Since Gaddafi's death, which many Africans consider as an assassination, Libya has been plunged into an unprecedented crisis that has let perpetual instability. It’s almost nine years since the man who was called the Libyan Guide was silenced. His removal from power, which, according to his detractors was supposed to bring much-needed democracy in Libya, has proved to be a curse for this North African state, filled with large oil reserves.

6 February 2020

Africa in the decade 2010-2019

Over the last decade, Africa also proved to be a continent at the centre of attention. Courted by great Western powers in search of influence on the international scene, it hosted major international forums and summits and witnessed a veritable diplomatic ballet sweep across its lands. In addition to the birth of a 54th state and the deaths of strong personalities such as Mandela and Mugabe, took up its greatest sporting challenge with flying colours, the organisation of the 2010 World Cup.
4 February 2020

The tales of the African currencies

After the Second World War, came the conceptualization of a single worldwide currency. Advocates argue that a universal currency would end the currency crisis and create a stronger economic cycle int the world because a common currency wouldn’t experience any form of inflation or deflation rates as there would be any competition. In other words, money would just be money, a universal medium used worldwide in exchange for value. The idea came close to being materialized in the 16th century, with the basis that there would be a better and free flow of trade, seamless utilization of money and elimination of currency exchange fees among nations.
2 February 2020

The role of the press in Africa between oppression and complicity

While the 1990s has gone down history as the period during which Africa recorded remarkable democratic reforms, it is important to highlight the role the media played in championing this change. The media in that era was very instrumental in paving the way for political pluralism in the continent. The private media which at some point enjoyed a certain degree of independence had a strong influence on politics which contributed to advocating for multiparty politics and democracy. Countries like Nigeria, Zambia, Kenya, and South Africa are examples of countries where an independent and free press contributed to accelerating the transition to democracy. But today, the media in most countries is used to fuel government propaganda and in countries where the press is very critical, the government brutally clamps down and restricts their freedom of expression. Despite these challenges, the media remains at the center of politics in most countries.
30 January 2020

Election financing and sovereignty of African states

Election financing in contemporary Africa has sparked a debate on the sovereignty or autonomy of African countries. Africa has over the decades been hailed for the enormous strides in attaining a laudable level of political democracy as far as conducting elections is concerned. However, there are always factors both natural and man-made that derail a sitting president from perfectly organizing an election. These prevailing unavoidable obstacles leave the president with no other choice than to seek help from external partners. ‘There is no free gift though.’’ This simple phenomenon has caused the sovereignty of majority of African countries, as much aid often comes with conditions, which most at times benefits the donor than those at the receiving end.
28 January 2020
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