Association for Free Research and International Cooperation

Libya: Colonel Gaddafi’s ‘spirit’ returns to save his country.

Article from AFRIC Editorial
The surname Gaddafi ones again returns to Libya politics with the 46-years-old London-educated Saif-al İslam Gaddafi. But, Saif's candidacy led to serious protests by influential figures in Libyan politics.
The son of the colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Saif was captured in 2011 by rebels, and the International Criminal Court issued a warrant for his arrest the same year. In 2015, a Tripoli court sentenced him to death for crimes committed in the revolution, but in June, his captors announced he’d been freed.

There were many conspiracy theories about this “unexpected” amnesty decision at the time. According to some “conspiracy theorists”, Dr. Saif al- İslam’s claims of abolition of the death penalty, in particular, and the support of UK and Italy. İn fact, in 2015 it was possible that such ‘unbelievable’ research was being made at a time when Europe faced migrant crisis and terrorist attacks.

 Saif al-Islam Gaddafi has not made public appearances since he was released from jail in June 2017. After a long period of ‘enigmatic’ hiding period, Gaddafi a few months ago appeared in Moscow.

In determining the future of Libya, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Russia cannot be fully united.


After the Gaddafi’s visit to Moscow in recent days, he announced to his supporters that he will be a candidate for the 2019 presidential elections.

The members of the delegation held meetings with Russian officials, including Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov, to discuss the situation in Libya, ways to resolve the crisis and clarify Saif al-Islam’s position. Saif al-Islam, has called on Russia to support a plan to resolve the Libyan issue.

 As a matter of fact, the countries that play an important role in the future of Libya, the United Kingdom Italy and Russia can reach a compromise for Gaddafi.


On the other hand, Libya’s National Oil Corporation (NOC), Eni and BP in October signed an agreement expected to lead to Eni and BP working together to resume exploration activities on a major exploration and production contract in Libya.

 The parties agreed to work towards Eni acquiring a 42.5% interest in the BP-operated exploration and production sharing agreement (EPSA) in Libya. BP currently holds an 85% working interest in the EPSA, with the Libyan Investment Authority holding the remaining 15%.

This important agreement also shows that Eni feels it can mitigate security risks in Libya. The Italian government has already got what it wants to get from Libya. After this stage, the expectation of Rome is only the stability of Libya. Therefore, stability is important for Italy, rather than who would be the new Libyan president. The same perspective is indirectly valid in the UK.

The most important problem for Italy is the stability in Libya and the stopping of the influx of refugees to Europe. İn fact, refugees reaching the coast of Italy as a runaway from Libya are a serious threat to Rome. Italy’s view of the refugee problem is not only economic, but rather the fear of terrorist organizations entering the country. The stability in Libya can be achieved by working together wiyth Europe and Russia.


After living in the United States for a long time, Haftar Khalifa returned to Libya and fought against the army of his own country.

Haftar Khalifa’s close relationship with the United Arab Emirates is known. Also, in recent times, the general is quite ‘insistent’ in establishing a relationship with Kremlin.

Egypt also sees Haftar as a trusted military partner with whom it can do business. However, the veteran officer sees the LNA as the only legitimate Libyan army. He is credited with rebuilding the LNA from scratch over the past four years. He also believes that, under his command, it has so far proved itself to be a true professional and disciplined national army able to control Libya if it gets the appropriate support and finances. He points to his success in taking over eastern Libya and parts of the south as evidence of this.

However, Khalifa now has a serious competitor in providing discipline, who is Saif al-İslam Gaddafi.


According to many experts, France is the main planner and responsible for NATO’s operation in Libya. On the other hand, it is claimed that the main purpose of the operation was to override the pan-Africanist ideas of Col. Muammar Gaddafi and to confiscate the money in the Libyan European banks.

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi expresses his views on France in an interview with Euronews.

“Firstly Sarkozy must repay the money he took from Libya for his election campaign. We financed his election campaign and we have all the details and we are ready to publish them. The first thing we ask of this clown Sarkozy is that he repay this money to the Libyan people. We helped him become president so that he would help the Libyan people but he has disappointed us. And very soon we will publish all the details and the documents and banking pay slips.“ 

Therefore, the United States and France will be the two countries that will not be satisfied with the presidency of Gaddafi. While determining the future of Libya, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Italy and Russia cannot be united, but the expectation of all parties is that there should be stability in Libya.

Saif al-Gaddafi will probably win the presidential elections. Gaddafi seems to be the most suitable candidate for Libya to stabilize. Rebels never forgave him for a TV appearance in which he wagged his finger at the camera and called them “rats”. He spent months on the run after the regime’s collapse but was captured trying to flee to Niger. He was later shown missing several fingers.

If Saif al-Islam Gaddafi is elected president of Libya, he will have a very difficult mission. At the same time, both his father’s killers and the foreigners who occupied the country will have to fight. The support of the tribes largely depends on Gaddafi’s policy of balance.

Dr. Gaddafi loses the public support that he receives if he moves with feelings of revenge, so a very difficult task awaits him. There was an indirect agreement on the only candidate who could stabilize Libya. This is a great chance for Libya.

Article from AFRIC Editorial

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