The migration pact agreed on by the leaders is aimed to better handle migration at local, national, regional and global levels, at same time reducing the risks faced by the migrants during their journey.
The Secretary General of the United Nation, Antonio Guterres, indicated that the pact does not give migrants the right to travel anywhere but reaffirms their fundamental human rights. He equally indicated that the pact basically is a framework for international cooperation and it is not legally-binding.
The United Nations commenced working on the non-binding pact after more than 1 million people arrived in Europe in 2015, many fleeing civil war and poverty. A UN report also indicated that close to 80 percent of the world’s migrants move between countries in a safe and orderly fashion while more than 60,000 people have died on the move since the year 2000.
“The pact is worth fighting for. It’s about time that we finally tackle migration together,” noted the German chancellor, who was present in Marrakesh.
However, the accord has been criticized by some European politicians who argue that this could be a way to promote immigration from African and Arab countries to Europe.
The US which backed out last year from the deal recently considered the pact “an effort by the United Nations to advance global governance at the expense of the sovereign right of states.”
Despite the divided opinions surrounding the accord, the UNGA will adopt a resolution in New York which will officially endorse the pact on December 19.
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