BACK ON THE FRENCH CLAIMS
France has since the mandate of Nicolas Sarkozy, remained very fragile, and has known great unprecedented economic and social difficulties. The unemployment rate in 2014 was 10.2% and 9.3% in 2018 compared to 3.4 this year in Germany and 5% in 2014.
After unemployment, the French decry their discomfort with the lack of housing. For almost 35 years now, clientelism (corruption) has become part of social housing allocations; Local elected officials, mainly mayors and parliamentarians, have made it their preserve. Today it is more than 20 thousand families in the small town of “Puteaux” who are waiting for housing. This phenomenon is even more prevalent in the big cities and has revealed a new class, called the working poor: who despite a job (precarious and often pay the limit of SMIC). They can not have access to housing, nor continue to benefit from basic social benefits such as childcare or housing loans. The latter find themselves shamefully obliged to resort to associative aids to feed themselves.
Finally, the tax policy of the French president Macron came in addition to all this, and has revived the gap between French poor and rich French. In particular by removing taxes on wealth, wealth and inheritance, replacing it with the creation of taxes on products of current consumption such as: gasoline, electricity, and old vehicles.
Thus showing a two-tier social and educational service in the country of freedom and fraternity.
THE BELGIAN CLAIMS
The demands of the demonstrators in Brussels are the same as those of their French neighbor, but the movement of the yellow vests of Belgium, is not a mobilization of solidarity to the neighbor.
On 16 November, nearly 300 people wore the legendary yellow vests in the streets of Belgian capital, protesting against the price of fuel and some taxes. The tone of the demonstration turned violent when the police decided to intervene, and as in France police vehicles were burned and nearly 120 protesters ended up at the police station.
The yellow jackets of Belgium, although less numerous than in France, managed to organize blockades in the cities of Charleroi, Namur, and Liège demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Charles Michel.
The leaders of this movement in Belgium think to convert it to a political party and to participate in future federal elections.
Recovering from the far-right parties in almost every country that has joined the movement, the goal here is to turn this movement into a populist political party. As the case in Germany or Serbia
THE CASE OF GERMANY:
Claims in Germany are fueled by the immigration policy of the Merkel administration. The economic situation of the country being very advantageous the demonstrators resulting for the most, of organizations of extreme right (PEDIGA), Have fallen back on the treaties of Marrakech.
Saturday 1 December One million protesters demanded the Chancellor’s head in the middle of Berlin, calling into question the highly praiseworthy results of the first woman Chancellor of Germany.
Immigration policy judged to be the sacrifice of German taxpayers, the risk of a reduction in social benefits, is the main point of dissatisfaction of German yellow vests.
SAME MOVEMENT BUT BLUE VESTS IN THE STREETS OF SOFIA
Bulgaria, the poorest country in Europe, has seen thousands of Bulgarians go to the streets to denounce soaring fuel prices and a project to increase taxes planned for the year 2019. Shouting at the resignation and to the mafia of the government that directs them, the Bulgarians in the first act blocked all the main axes of their country.
The movement considered revolutionary, was with less mobilization resumed in Serbia where the opposition MP Bosko Obradovic, to launch in full assembly of deputies. “We want the normal prices of gasoline where you will have yellow vests all over the streets of Belgrade”.
The boss of the right nationalizes Dveri regrets that the Serbian president, did not agree to open debates on the question of the price of gasoline.
AFRICA IS NOT LEFT OUT
Shaken on all sides by post-election and secessionist demand movements, as in Cameroon. It is in Burkina Faso where the demonstrations of demand in the streets of Ouagadougou, weakens the country for more than 3 months already. Today the protesters in Burkina Faso have decided to give their vest a red color.
The claims, as in almost all African capitals, concern the high cost of living, the terorist threat, the cost of gasoline or institutional corruption, as is the case in Nigeria.
It is therefore all of Europe that is shaken, certainly for various reasons, but all converge on galloping and growing poverty and the failure of the leaders elected to keep their campaign promises.
Outside Germany: gasoline is one of the common concerns in all these countries. Since it is virtually impossible to live without a car in urban and rural metropolises. The governments must first solve this claim as was the case in France (with the abolition of the project to increase the price of fuel). Even if in France this decision of the government had no effect on the claimants.
AFRIC Editorial Article.