Formed at the 13th National People’s Congress in March 2018, the National Supervisory Commission of the People’s Republic of China is the agency in charge of fighting and cracking down corruption in the country. Its main aim to monitor the activities of public servants holding positions of power, and also members of the Chinese Communist Party.
After ascending to power in 2012, one of Xi Jinping’s objectives was to crack down corruption in china, especially in the Chinese government. The firmly implanted corruption in Chinese top government offices contributes to income inequality and threatens the legitimacy of the Chinese Communist Party. To bring this to fruition, the National supervisory Commission was created, and given more powers than the Supreme Court, so as to intensify the fight against corruption. This was received with mixed feelings, for it is believed that these added powers will subsequently be abused, as Amnesty international termed it “a systemic threat on human rights in china”
The main aim of the anti-corruption agency is to investigate all allegations of bribery, embezzlement and other acts of corruption, not only in the communist party milieu but also in schools, hospitals, and every work prone to corruption. Those accused and found guilty are removed from their posts and send to court, where they are given a jail term or in extreme cases the death penalty.
With enough power to bypass all judicial institutions in the country, the anti-corruption agency which is solely run by the Chinese Communist Party; detain and interrogate any top ranking government official, freezes their assets and even seize their property.
Many human rights groups and lawyers in china, have warned against the powers of the National Supervisory Commission. This is because in cases of alleged corruption, defendants are unable to appeal against the agency’s ruling, an error that can be used as a form of manipulation for political ends. Millions of Chinese are at the mercy of this secretive and non-accountable agency which is above every law or institution in the country, making them susceptible to arbitrary use of its powers.
Many Chinese top ranking official have fallen in the hands of the Chinese anti-corruption agency; the likes of Zhou Yongkang, the third most powerful politician in China, sentenced to life in prison for bribery, abuse of power and disclosing state secrets, Guo Boxiong, a high-ranking military official, received a life sentence for bribery. The latest catch, happens to be the Chinese head of Interpol, Meng Hongwei, who is under investigation for alleged bribery and the famous Chinese actress; Fan Bingbing who was charged and found guilty of tax evasion, and fined with the sum of 479 million yuan. His arrest and disciplinary measures prove that, no one can escape Xi’s corruption drive.
Though many have criticized Xi Jinping’s way of fighting corruption in China, he is to be applauded for the job well-done so far. Corruption robs a country of its resources and is a major threat to development. For china’s economy to continue booming, the fight against corruption remains a necessity.
Article from AFRIC editorial
Credit article : bbc news
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