UN TRIBUNE TRUMP TAKES RED BALL ON ICC
With the frankness that one knows him, the tenant of the White House did not do in the language of wood Tuesday, September 25th. On the platform of the United Nations in New York, the American billionaire has bluntly criticized this jurisdiction even to challenge its legitimacy. Much more Donald Trump has made comments that Washington was no longer willing to provide any support to the legal authority. For the US president, there is no question that his country is abandoning its sovereignty for what it calls “unelected and irresponsible world bureaucracy”.
Recall that the ICC drew the wrath of the United States in September, announcing the opening of an investigation into war crimes in Afghanistan. This investigation, which involves the responsibility of US soldiers and intelligence agents, has made John Bolton react. The US National Security Advisor has made it clear that it is US sovereignty that is being flouted by this ICC initiative that is exposing itself to US sanctions. Washington being determined is worth protecting its citizens.
RUSSIA / ICC: DIVORCE CONSUMES
Long before the United States, Russia was openly opposed to the way the International Criminal Court operated until it finally left the legal authority in November 2016, which it declared was incapable of living up to expectations. placed in it. Signatory in 2000 of the Treaty of Rome that it never ratified just like China and the United States, Moscow slammed the door of this criminal jurisdiction following a report of the Attorney General Fatou Bensouda who considered as annexation the rallying of Crimea to Russia in 2014. A position that has not been digested Moscow whose connection with Crimea and Sevastopol was made on the basis of a referendum held in March 2014 And that has resulted in a great willingness of the Crimeans and inhabitants of Sevastopol to attach themselves to Moscow.
Other countries want to follow the example of Russia like the Philippines whose President Rodrigo Duterre targeted by a preliminary investigation into his campaign against drugs, announced last March are planning to take his country out of this court .
ICC: A COURT TO JUDGE AFRICANS
Africa, which has often denounced the impartiality of the ICC, is not left out in this wave of resignation. South Africa, Kenya, Gambia … openly expressed the wish to cut the cord with the Hague. Even within the African Union, the ICC is no longer in a state of sanctity. The pan-African body, which accuses the court of waging a witch hunt against African leaders while turning a blind eye to atrocities committed elsewhere, went so far as to hold a special summit in October 2013 to discuss with its states members the question of a mass withdrawal of this jurisdiction in protest against the trials of two incumbent Kenyan leaders, Vice President William Ruto and Head of State Uhuru Kenyatta. Kenya, which is in favor of this withdrawal, through its president Uhuru Kenyatta, is reporting on a roadmap for the total disengagement of African countries from the Rome Statute through which the International Criminal Court has been established. Burundi did not wait for this measure to succeed. In October 2017, this country became the first African nation to slam the door of the ICC.
Favorable to the ICC since its creation, Africa has seen its relationship with this court deteriorate over time. Out of ten open investigations, nine involve black countries, including Kenya, CAR, Mali, DRC, Sudan, Cote d’Ivoire, Libya and Uganda. The international arrest warrant issued against Sudanese President Omar El Bashir and the ongoing trials of former Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo and former leader of the “Young Patriots” Charles Blé Goudé, both accused of crimes against humanity during the post-election crisis of 2010/2011 only accentuated the feeling of animosity of Africans towards this jurisdiction that former Gambian President Yayah Jammeh had described as “International White Court for the persecution and humiliation of people of color, especially Africans “.
article of the editorial AFRIC